When Mars is at opposition on October 13, 2020 the red planet will be in the constellation of Pisces. This is another perihelic opposition and the red planet is expected to shine at -2.7 magnitude. And they are off! Mars Perservence Rover, the United Arab Emirates Amal, or "hope", and China's Tianwen-1 spacecraft all launched successfully in July 2020. Outbound for Mars!
See below for more details. All three are due to arrive at Mars in February 2021!
☆ ☆ ☆
Google Mars - Also check out the add-in available on Google Earth for Mars Information
Mars Which Side is Visible? - Find out with this application from Sky and Telescope Magazine
THE GREAT 2003 OPPOSITION OF MARS
The 2003 apparition of Mars was purported to be the closest opposition to Mars in recorded history. According to sources, Earth came closer to Mars than it has been since 12,000 BC! The angular diameter of Mars was greater that 25 arc seconds, allowing amateurs to see and record the best detail ever.
Check out some great images on the historic opposition: Mars Apparition 2003. - from damianpeach.com ! This is a great place to find astrophotos and information.
MARS PAGES & INFO
☆ ☆ ☆
The Three Faces of Mars page, in part, takes its name from the " Face on Mars" feature taken by the spacecraft Viking 1 orbiter many years ago.
Today, ESA has created a movie of the martian feature, the Cydonia face. This link will take you to the movie, Cydonia's 'Face on Mars' in 3D animation from the European Space Agency
☆ ☆ ☆
Because every 26 months Earth passes the planet Mars that orbits the Sun at a greater distance, this brings the two planets to their closest distance. We can't afford to miss even one opposition, because every opposition is an opportunity!
Fantastic! UAE's Hope probe successfully attainted Mars orbit on February 10, 2021! China's Tianwen entered Mars orbit on February 11, 2021
Latest Mars Probes
UAE Al-Amal - United Arab Emirates Mars Mission
United Arab Emirates' Mars Mission "Al-Amal" or "Hope" reached Mars on February 9, 2021. Al-Amal's mission should last about two years beginning in May 2021. During the mission, The spacecraft will orbit over Mars' equator and study the weather and how the layers of the planet's atmosphere interact. Al-Amal launched on July 19 from Tanegashima island, on a Japanese rocket. The spacecraft carries ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers as well as a high resolution camera. Mission: orbit Mars for two years and collect data on the planet's upper and lower atmospheres.
- Find out more about the Hope Mission
Tianwen-1 launched by China National Space Administration (CNSA) from Hainan Island on July 23.
China's Tianwen-1 mission reached the red planet and went into orbit on February 10, 2021. The target landing place for the lander and the rover is Utopia Planitia (110 degrees E., 25 degrees N.), a huge basin where Viking 2 landed in 1976. The rover will not be sent to the surface until May. Tianwen means "heavenly questions" named after a poem by Qu Yuan, a 3rd century poet. The mission includes an orbiter and a lander with a rover, a deluxe mission combo that was never launched before to the Red Planet.
- Find out more about the Tianwen-1 Mission
Mars Perseverance Rover - Launched on July 30, 2020, targeted Mars landing on Feb. 18, 2021.
NASA's Mars Perseverance Rover reached Mars on February 18, 2021. During entry, descent, and landing Perseverance has cameras and a microphone to capture the entire landing sequence that NASA calls the "seven minutes of terror" when the spacecraft hits the outer atmosphere and the rover touches down. Perseverance landed at Jezero Crater on the red planet. The rover is also called Persy and will be searching for signs of water, microbial life and hopes to reveal more about the history of Mars. Perseverance rover has a sample caching system that will collect and package samples for return to Earth by a future mission. The future mission will leave Mars using a Mars Ascent Vehicle, this has never been done and paves the way for future return missions from Mars.
- Find out more about the Perseverance Rover
ExoMars - Roscosmos State Corporation and ESA's Mars mission
ExoMars launched successfully on March 14, 2016 and is in orbit and returning great scientific data. The second stage of ExoMars ia a rover now scheduled to launch in time for the 2022 Mars opposition. Hope they give it a good name soon!
MAVEN - Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN)
Mars InSight - Launched May 2018, landed November 26, 2018 and still on the move.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission - over 60,000 spins around planet Mars
Mars Express- European Space Agency
Arrived at Mars 12/2003. Mission: map Mars surface, study mineral composition, and atmosphere.
Mars Odyssey - Over 18 years in orbit!
Arrived at Mars 12/2003. Mission: map Mars surface, study mineral composition, and atmosphere. Mars Odyssey's THEMIS instrument images were used to construct an accurate global map of Mars(over 21,000 images.)
Also check out these sites for more Mars mission information:
Mars Exploration Center - NASA's Mars Exploration Site includes the missions above and more
Mars Missions - from The Planetary Society
MARS MISSION COMPLETE!
MARS MISSION FAILURES
LIFE ON MARS
HUMAN EXPLORATION OF MARS - EXPEDITIONS and COLONIES
FACE OF MARS
Last Modified: 6/27/20
me back, Astra!